Fluctuations in female hormone levels can occur throughout a woman’s life. Although perimenopause (time around menopause) is the most frequent time for these fluctuations, there are many other situations and conditions that cause hormonal changes, including functional ovarian cysts, thyroid conditions, certain medications, diabetes and insulin resistance, poly-cystic ovarian syndrome, anovulation, pregnancy and the postpartum period, exercise habits and diet, changes associated with the menstrual cycle, and oral contraceptive use. Patients may exhibit symptoms such as insomnia, sweats, hot flashes, mood swings, depression, irritability, and changes in libido.
Treatment is based on the cause or causes of the hormonal imbalance. Management options include: observation, lifestyle modifications, changes in medications or medication dosages, hormonal supplementation, and potential change in contraceptive method altogether. Small changes can bring about big changes in the management of hormone imbalance.
Menopause and perimenopause (time around menopause) are a time of great fluctuation and eventual decline in the levels of the female hormones. This decline affects the body in a variety of ways: hot flashes, night sweats, insomnia, vaginal dryness and possible pain with intercourse, depression and mood swings, and a decrease in bone strength.
Effective management of menopausal symptoms is achieved through a combination of treatment modalities, such as lifestyle changes (including dietary and exercise modifications) and hormonal and medical therapies. These therapies are selected based on the individual symptoms of a patient and tailored to achieve optimal results.
To find out more information on Hormone Therapy and Menopausal Management, or to find out if you are a good candidate for HT and MM, consult an associate with Nezhat Medical Center to schedule an appointment with Dr. Ceana Nezhat for consultation.